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Published January 1, 2024

Community and Interculturality in Dialogue

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Editorial Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología

Title:

Community and Interculturality in Dialogue

ISSN-L: 3008-7570

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2024-02-17 Original
Comprehensive care strategy at El Guayabo Penitentiary Center

By Douglas Crispin-Rodríguez, Douglas Crispin-Castellanos, Nila Ledesma-Céspedes, Gisier Reyes-Cortiña, Antonia María Lamorú-Pardo, Ennis Ivonnet-Gutiérrez

Introduction: this research is based on the framework of comprehensive oral health care for people deprived of liberty, to ensure that health services ensure their continuity of care, with a quality of care similar to that accessed by the population does not have this limitation.
Objective: to develop a comprehensive oral health care strategy at the “El Guayabo” Penitentiary Center on the Isla de la Juventud from October 2021 to October 2022.
Methods: an intervention study was carried out on 227 inmates, matching the universe and the sample. The variables were taken into account: age, oral diseases, level of oral health knowledge, oral health knowledge survey and results of the strategy. With prior informed consent, a survey of knowledge of oral health, Stomatological Clinical History, curative and rehabilitative treatment was carried out on each of the patients who were part of the research.
Results: before the intervention was applied, dental caries and poor level of knowledge predominated in 71,3% and 66,9% of the inmates respectively; managing to reduce the prevalence of dental caries and improve the level of knowledge to be regulated in the majority of inmates after applying the educational strategy; In addition, 47% of the sample was cured.
Conclusions: the implementation of the comprehensive oral health care strategy had a significant impact on the reduction of oral diseases among inmates.

2023-12-25 Reviews
Death as a thread of Cultural and Religious Identity

By Juana Paulina Carhuamaca Barbaran, Rosa Laura Cuitiño, Nilda Susana Gómez, Cristian Ezequiel Jaramillo, Antonella Soledad Meza, Ileana Belen Nieto

This article approaches death from an anthropological perspective, exploring its historical evolution and its influence on diverse cultures and societies. It begins by examining how anthropology has contributed to our understanding of death, from its roots in the supernatural to contemporary approaches. Three pivotal periods in anthropological death research are identified: the twentieth-century evolutionary, the heyday of symbolic anthropology, and the current interdisciplinary era. The analysis focuses on the impact of European colonization in the New World and how anthropology emerged as a tool for documenting and understanding cultural and religious changes among indigenous populations who encountered the colonizers. In addition, it explores funerary beliefs and practices in diverse cultures, from the Incas in Argentina to contemporary native cultures in the same country. It highlights rituals and conceptions of death in different religions, including Catholicism, Buddhism, Islam and others. The article underscores the importance of appreciating the cultural diversity surrounding death in a globalized world. Despite superficial differences, death remains a universal theme that raises fundamental questions about life and transcendence. Understanding how different cultures confront and give meaning to death is essential to promote cross-cultural empathy and respect in today's society.

2023-12-25 Short communications
Perception of illness and death in the nursing setting

By Ramona Cristina Radaelli, Esmeralda Marina Quipildor

This paper delves into how nurses perceive illness and death and how it impacts their daily practice. Nurses' perceptions are shaped by their educational background, professional experience, personal beliefs, and cultural context. They receive training in disease management and palliative care, providing them with the knowledge to approach these situations professionally. However, personal experiences, beliefs, and emotions also influence their response. The evolution of medical science has led to the medicalization of death, with nurses often caring for dying patients in hospital settings. The emotional burden on nurses necessitates emotional self-awareness and support networks to manage stress and trauma effectively. Cultural influences play a significant role in how nurses perceive illness and death. Some cultures avoid open discussions about death, creating communication barriers. Nurses must develop culturally sensitive communication skills to provide respectful care. Various medical traditions, such as Western medicine, Traditional Chinese Medicine, and Indigenous medicine, offer different perspectives on illness and death. Cultural differences extend to funeral practices and beliefs about the afterlife. Anonymous interviews with nurses highlighted their diverse responses to death and the emotional toll it can take. Support programs and psychological assistance should be available to help nurses cope with these challenges. In conclusion, nurses' perceptions of illness and death are multifaceted, influenced by education, experience, personal beliefs, and culture. Emotional management and institutional support are crucial for effective patient care. Creating an environment that encourages open communication and respect for these issues is essential. Nurses must engage in ongoing self-reflection to provide compassionate care and address the complex emotional aspects of their profession.

Current Issue
2024-02-17 Original Scientific Articles

By Douglas Crispin-Rodríguez, Douglas Crispin-Castellanos, Nila Ledesma-Céspedes, Gisier Reyes-Cortiña, Antonia María Lamorú-Pardo, Ennis Ivonnet-Gutiérrez

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