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Published January 1, 2024

Community and Interculturality in Dialogue

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Editorial Salud, Ciencia y Tecnología

Title:

Community and Interculturality in Dialogue

ISSN-L: 3008-7570

Editor's Choice
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2024-04-26 Original
Classrooms in Hospitals as Spaces of Opportunity Towards Inclusive Education

By Efrén Mesías Palacios Zumba, Mònica Jackeline Herrera Toledo, Martha Fernanda Villacrés Correa, Sara Stefany Jácome Achi, Paulina Alexandra Moreta Maldonado, Silvia Guadalupe Vélez Monrroy, Richar Jacobo Posso Pacheco

The objective of this research was to determine the specific difficulties that hospitalized students face in accessing inclusive education in hospital classrooms. The technique used is a documentary review; searches were conducted on Google Scholar, Dialnet, and Redalyc using keywords, and 18 documents were selected for thematic analysis. Four dimensions were identified that articulate the complexities of providing inclusive education in hospital classrooms; these are: Educational Barriers, Social and Emotional Aspects, Pedagogical Practices, and Interdisciplinary Collaboration; each contributed to a comprehensive understanding of the obstacles and opportunities to improve the education of hospitalized students, highlighting both the specific difficulties and the effective strategies in use to facilitate an adaptive and comprehensive educational environment. It is concluded that hospital classrooms are redefined as a wellness ecosystem, integrating education and health to fully support the student, proposing to transform education into an essential component of recovery and well-being, using therapeutic methodologies and continuous support networks to adapt learning to the medical and emotional needs of the hospitalized student.

2024-01-06 Reviews
Traditional Medicine in Latin America: a holistic approach to health

By Maria Lilda Barzola Baez, Selene Maribel Ramos, Estela del Valle Vasquez

Traditional medicine has been an integral part of human healthcare for centuries, offering a holistic approach to health that goes beyond merely treating physical symptoms. In Latin America, this approach has deep historical roots and has played a significant role in the region's cultural identity. such as social rejection of biomedicine, limited access to biomedical services, and the high cost of medical care. However, there has been a decline in the prevalence of traditional medicine in recent decades, with a decrease in traditional healers and an increasing reliance on biomedical care. This trend varies across different regions, but overall, there is a diminishing number of traditional healers, raising concerns about the potential disappearance of traditional medicine. Despite these challenges, traditional medicine remains a valuable part of healthcare in Latin America. Its cultural significance, holistic approach, and the trust it garners from certain communities make it relevant even in today's rapidly advancing medical landscape. Looking to the future, the field of medicine is poised for significant developments, including advancements in diagnosis, surgery, and treatment methods. While antibiotics have been essential in the fight against infectious diseases, bacterial resistance is a growing concern. Future medical breakthroughs are expected to involve vaccines, gene therapy, monoclonal antibodies, and stem cell transplants. In conclusion, traditional medicine in Latin America reflects a holistic approach to healthcare deeply intertwined with cultural and historical contexts. As modern medicine continues to evolve, there is potential for integrating traditional and scientific knowledge to create a more comprehensive approach to health and well-being, respecting the rich heritage of traditional practices.

2024-05-24 Systematic reviews or meta-analyses
Nursing role in intercultural health – Theory of Madeleine Leininger. Systematic review

By Sammia Sulay Masaquiza Pillajo, Devora Estefania Manzano Quisimalin

The Intercultural Health Nursing Role explores the role of nurses in culturally diverse environments and the challenges they experience; among them the language, customs, traditions and the perspective of managing health and illness, using Madeleine Leininger's Theory as a theoretical basis to develop a work plan according to the patient's worldview without leaving aside their own ideologies rather integrate them into it, without influencing their treatment, in order to provide culturally competent care. This research uses a bibliographic documentary selection methodology that allows the information to be analyzed and evaluated. A search was carried out for scientific articles published between 2020 and 2024 in databases such as ScieLo, Dialnet, Pubmed and search engines such as Google Academic using Boolean operators to optimize relevant information in relation to the topic raised above. A nursing professional must be able to interact with people of different ideologies, which is why it is necessary to have correct communication accompanied by cultural attributes that help a nurse develop the ideal ability to interact with people from different cultural contexts, without discriminating or emitting prejudices that violate the patient's autonomy. This research aims to analyze the role of nursing in intercultural health where it highlights the importance of cultural competencies in nursing professionals in these environments and highlights the value of the application of Madeleine Leininger's Theory in academics and professional practice.

2023-12-25 Short communications
Influence of culture on disease perception

By Gisela Noemí Escalante, Romina Noelia Ganz, Daiana Loreley Mendez Minetti

This scientific paper explores the complex relationship between culture, health, and disease, highlighting how cultural beliefs and practices shape perceptions of health and illness. Culture is described as a complex system of knowledge and customs transmitted from generation to generation, encompassing language, customs, and values. The paper emphasizes that concepts of health and disease can vary significantly across cultures. Different cultural backgrounds lead to diverse interpretations of what constitutes health or illness. Cultural beliefs influence how individuals perceive their health and respond to medical interventions. The text examines the example of Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM), which differs from Western medicine by focusing on restoring balance and harmonizing energies within the body. The contrast between these two medical paradigms highlights the impact of culture on healthcare approaches. The paper also discusses the cultural acceptance of practices that may be harmful to health, such as incest in certain societies. These practices are considered sacred customs within those cultures, reflecting how cultural ideologies can shape disease risks. Furthermore, the paper explores how cultural factors interact with political and economic forces to create specific health risks and behaviors within societies. It emphasizes that culture plays a pivotal role in shaping human behavior and social acceptance. The paper concludes by emphasizing the enduring influence of culture on perceptions of health and disease throughout history, highlighting how cultural beliefs and practices continue to impact individuals' health experiences and outcomes.

Current Issue
2024-04-26 Original Scientific Articles

By Efrén Mesías Palacios Zumba, Mònica Jackeline Herrera Toledo, Martha Fernanda Villacrés Correa, Sara Stefany Jácome Achi, Paulina Alexandra Moreta Maldonado, Silvia Guadalupe Vélez Monrroy, Richar Jacobo Posso Pacheco

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