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Educational program “Healthy smile” for education preschool infants: knowledge on oral health

By
Rosa María Montano-Silva ,
Rosa María Montano-Silva

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba.

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Yoneisy Abraham-Millán ,
Yoneisy Abraham-Millán

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba.

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Gisier Reyes-Cortiña ,
Gisier Reyes-Cortiña

Facultad de Ciencias Médicas Isla de la Juventud. Policlínico Docente Universitario “Orestes Falls Oñate”. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba.

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Felicia Silva-Vázquez ,
Felicia Silva-Vázquez

Universidad de la Isla de la Juventud “Jesús Montané Oropesa”. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba.

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Thalía Fernández-Breffe ,
Thalía Fernández-Breffe

Policlínico Docente Universitario Dr. Juan Manuel Páez Inchausti. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba.

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Yaliesky Diéguez-Mayet ,
Yaliesky Diéguez-Mayet

Universidad de la Isla de la Juventud “Jesús Montané Oropesa”. Isla de la Juventud, Cuba.

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Abstract

Introduction: early childhood caries is a non-communicable disease of high prevalence worldwide, in Cuba and on the Isle of Youth. Prevention and control approaches encompass changing personal behaviors, working with families and educators, and developing health policies, creating enabling environments, promoting health, and directing health services toward universal health coverage.
Objective: determine the effectiveness of the “Healthy Smile” program for preschool children.
Methods: a quasi-experimental before-after research was carried out where the sample was 95 preschool children from the La Demajagua-Atanagildo Cajigal towns in the period 2021-2023.
Results: before the educational intervention, the level of regular and poor knowledge prevailed in 76,8% and 16,8% respectively of the infants with a standard deviation of ±2,5; The level of knowledge increased after implementing the educational program, obtaining a good level of knowledge with 81,1% (77) with a tendency towards a regular level of knowledge 18,9% (18); standard deviation of ±1,4. The Student T test gave a value of tcalculated = 13,803, gl = 94 and p value = 0.000; therefore, there was evidence to reject the null hypothesis and accept the investigative hypothesis.
Conclusions: the implementation of the “Healthy Smile” program, involving families and educators, turned out to be effective since it modified ways and styles of life, also increasing the level of knowledge about oral health of infants.

How to Cite

1.
Montano-Silva RM, Abraham-Millán Y, Reyes-Cortiña G, Silva-Vázquez F, Fernández-Breffe T, Diéguez-Mayet Y. Educational program “Healthy smile” for education preschool infants: knowledge on oral health. Community and Interculturality in Dialogue [Internet]. 2024 Feb. 8 [cited 2024 Feb. 25];4:123. Available from: https://cid.saludcyt.ar/index.php/cid/article/view/123

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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