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Healthcare Disparities and Cultural Factors in India and Argentina

By
Tania Marleni Reyes Carrasco ,
Tania Marleni Reyes Carrasco

Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Jennifer Soledad Maisares ,
Jennifer Soledad Maisares

Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Brigitte Sthefanny Lecca Egusquiza ,
Brigitte Sthefanny Lecca Egusquiza

Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Briggite Fiorella Lecca Egusquiza ,
Briggite Fiorella Lecca Egusquiza

Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Ana Cochi Sarzo ,
Ana Cochi Sarzo

Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Gladys Norma Vargas ,
Gladys Norma Vargas

Facultad de Medicina. Universidad de Buenos Aires. Ciudad Autónoma de Buenos Aires, Argentina.

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Abstract

This scientific text explores the healthcare systems, cultural factors, and health challenges in the Republic of India and Argentina. It begins by emphasizing the importance of understanding how disease is perceived and experienced differently by individuals due to cultural and socioeconomic factors. It highlights that people's definitions of health and illness influence their healthcare-seeking behavior. The text provides insights into India's complex social and economic landscape, characterized by significant diversity in language, religion, and caste. Despite its economic growth, India faces challenges such as poverty, illiteracy, malnutrition, and gender inequality. These factors contribute to a high burden of noncommunicable diseases, respiratory infections, and other health issues. The healthcare system in India is described as a mix of public and private providers, with access to quality care often determined by one's economic status. Comparatively, the Argentine healthcare system is discussed, which includes public, private, and prepaid sectors. Argentina's constitution guarantees access to healthcare as a fundamental right, and public expenditure on health is used to provide free coverage with easy access for the population. The text concludes by emphasizing the importance of addressing health disparities and improving healthcare access, particularly for vulnerable populations. It underscores the role of nursing professionals in providing culturally sensitive care and facilitating effective communication to enhance patient outcomes.

How to Cite

1.
Reyes Carrasco TM, Maisares JS, Lecca Egusquiza BS, Lecca Egusquiza BF, Cochi Sarzo A, Vargas GN. Healthcare Disparities and Cultural Factors in India and Argentina. Community and Interculturality in Dialogue [Internet]. 2023 Dec. 31 [cited 2024 Jun. 23];4:95. Available from: https://cid.saludcyt.ar/index.php/cid/article/view/95

The article is distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 License. Unless otherwise stated, associated published material is distributed under the same licence.

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